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HORTICULTURE

Name Designation Phone (O) Phone (R) email id
Shri N. Megeji District Horticulture Officer 03804-222380

Introduction

HORTICULTURE has been identified as one of the most important sectors for sustainable development in Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh. Owing to its vast available land resource favourable agro-climatic conditions, and hard-working farmers, there is immense scope for further growth and development of Horticulture sector in Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh.

Much has been achieved during last plan periods due to hard work of farmers and constant efforts of the department of Horticulture through implementation of various centrally and state sponsored schemes. Arrival of huge quantities of Orange, Ginger, Pine-apple, Large cardamom etc in local markets and markets of Assam during seasons is a testimony of this fact.

However, much more yet remains to be done to exploit the full potential for development of Horticulture sector in Lohit district. Hence, there is huge opportunity for farmers entrepreneurs, and traders alike to take up Horticulture as source of self-employment and income generation in Lohit district. A visiting scientists had rightly remarked that Lohit district in particular as well as the whole state of Arunachal Pradesh in general is the sleeping giant of Indian Horticulture.

Lohit district has numerous areas of advantages and strengths enable it to propel itself on the higher level of trajectory of economic development if these strengths are fully exploited.

In this sector, the agro-climatically condition of the district favours the development of all kind of horticultural crops. This conclusion is drawn in accordance with the survey and findings of field functionaries of the department of Horticulture, Lohit district since long. The field functionaries advised to take into account resources endowments, strategy for balance circlewise development, comparative advantage and choice of priority activities for the district. The findings of the field functionaries and the visiting Scientists regarding the district point out the strategies for horticultural development are through soil and water conservation and permanent farming. In addition, there has been a paradigm in the State government horticulture policy from the practice of mono crops cultivation of land use through shifting cultivation to diversification of crops by introducing location specific crops through settled/ permanent farming.

Another strength of the district is the possibility of transforming farming practice along the line of organic farming by using only manures since consumption of fertilizers has always been negligible. Organic farming is a production system that avoids the use of chemical, fertilizers, pesticides and growth regulators. Instead, it relies upon crop rotation with leguminous crops, addition of crop residues, green manures, bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides. The objective of encouraging organic farming in the district is to develop a sustainable horticulture system which maintain soil fertility and ensure adequate horticulture produces. Besides, it is well recognized that organic products are preferred to conventional horticultural products due to the absence of harmful chemical residues in it.

Despite all the areas of scopes mentioned above, the district suffers from various constraints.

The following are some of the areas of constraints that the district is facing

  • High runoff water, increasing depletion of ground water due to excessive survey, exploitation and depletion of fertility of soil due to jhum cultivation in some pockets, expansion of waste land and inundation due to frequent change of course by the rivers.
  • Lack of quality seed and planting materials.
  • Inadequate post harvest infra-structure and unorganized market.
  • Lack of systematic records of land and surveys especially cadastral survey.

Horti1CLASSIFIED CLIMATIC ZONE

On the basis of prevailing agro climatic condition & topography, the District has been divided into three main Zones.

SL. No. Horticulture Zone Crops suitable for cultivation
1 Mild – Tropical Citrus, Guava, Litchi, P/apple, Papaya, Black pepper, Rambutan Mango stein, Jackfruit, Banana, Ginger, Turmeric, Tea& Vegetables.
2 Sub – Tropical Citrus, Guava, Litchi, P/apple, Papaya, Black pepper, Rambutan Mango stein, Jackfruit, Banana, Ginger, Turmeric, Tea& Vegetables.
3 Sub – Temperate Plum, William Pears, Low Chilling, Peach, Persimmon, Walnut & Vegetables.

CIRCLE LEVEL IDENTIFIED CROPS OF LOHIT DISTRICT.

SL. No. District Major Crops Minor Crops
1 Wakro Oranges, Pineapple& Large cardamom, Ginger. Litchi, Papaya, Banana, Jackfruit, Black pepper, Vegetables, Aromatic and Medicinal plant.
2 Tafragam Oranges, Pineapple, Large cardamom &Ginger. Litchi, Papaya, Jackfruit, Banana, Black pepper, Vegetables, Aromatic and Medicinal plant.
3 Loiliang Oranges, Pineapple& Large cardamom, Ginger. Litchi, Papaya, Banana, Jack fruit, Black pepper, Aromatic and Medicinal plant.
4 Sunpura Oranges, Banana, Pineapple & Large cardamom, Ginger. Litchi, Papaya, Black pepper, Aromatic and Medicinal plant.

ADMINISTRATIVE SETUP OF D.H.O. ESTABLISHMENT

The Department of Horticulture was bifurcated from parent department, Agriculture in the year 1992 and separated the establishment of District Horticulture Officer (D.H.O), Lohit District with its head quarter at Tezu which had been functioning under the direct administrative control of Director of Horticulture, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh. Followings are panels of D.H.O’s :-

  • Dr. N. Yadav, :- 1992 – 1995
  • Sh. J. Rime, :- 1995 – 2001
  • Sh. R. Kumar :- 2001 – 2004
  • Sh. O. Tabing :- 2004 – 2007
  • Sh. B. Riba :- 2007 – 2010
  • Sh R.N. Megeji :- 2010 –2013
  • Sh. O. Tabing :- 2013- 2015
  • Sh. R.N. Megeji :- 2015 – Till date.

Tezu circle

  • Tezu   –  HDO  –  1 ”
  • Sunpura  –  Nil  –  Nil
  • Wakro  –  HDO  –  1 ”

HORTICULTURAL PROGRAMMES

Horticultural programmes were implemented in the district since inception of department of Agriculture in the State. Some of the major programmes taken up after bifurcation of Horticulture department are Horticulture Mission for North East& Himalayan States, National Mission on Medicinal Plants, National Bamboo Mission, Plan Schemes, etc.

At present, department is implementing the following schemes

  • Technology Mission Scheme, at centrally sponsored scheme since 2001 (later known as Horticulture Mission in Northeast & Himalayan States since 2010 and now it is known as Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) since 2014-15) .
  • “Area Expansion Programme on major Horticulture Crops with special emphasis on providing alternative livelihood to Opium Poppy cultivators by providing planting materials for cash crops” (Lemon with Stevia as Intercrop) under SADA-2017-18.

AREA AND PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURE CROPSIN LOHIT DISTRICT OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH.(w.e.f. 2017-18).

Horti3

PRESENT STATUS OF HORTICULTURE IN LOHIT DISTRICT

Like other parts of the state Lohit district has varied agro-climatic condition favorable for growing varieties of horticulture and plantation crops. The land in the district is a real asset. Fertile soil, good rainfall throughout the year and suitable climate of the district makes it Horticulturist paradise. Many wild relatives of present day fruits are endemic to the state which speaks of potential in the district for growing Horticultural crops in the district. At present the district is a leading producer of Oranges, Pineapple.

MARKETING :-Various central and state government institution set up are being located at Lohit,
the District headquarter. Besides this the Nearest Business center Tinsukia (Assam) creates the
easy accessibility of the produce commodity in the market, which is 130 km from the District HQ. The local growers are also tie up with entrepreneur and distributor through Private parties to sell their commodities at Karimganj (Assam) in the tradeof horticulture produce commodities.

TRANSPORTATION :-The main transportation is by surface road network system, with daily bus services from circle Hqs. to District Hq, although the road condition of some circle headquarters are yet to be updated. The distance from District headquarters to state capital is 700 km. (approx.) the nearest railway station is at Tinsukia & Dibrugarh (Assam), which are 130& 180 km from Tezu. The nearest Airport is at Dibrugarh (Mohanbari in Assam) which is 180 km from Tezu; there is also weekly Pawn Hans helicopter service from the Dist. Headquarter (Tezu) to Itanagar (State Capital) and Mohanbari Airport.

FARMS &NURSERIES:Lohit District has two nurseries for propagation of quality planting materials,further these nurseries are used for growing progeny plants and serve as demonstration plots.

  • Mawai Nursery: The nursery was established for propagation of quality plants with special emphasis of spice crops on a donated land. The nursery could not serve its purpose of providing quality planting material of spices because due to huge success of orange crop in the area there was hardly any farmer willing to take up the spice cultivation. Further the nursery witness flooding every year causihorti4ng siltation thereby making the place not suitable for nursery activities. Recently the land donors have served notice for taking back of the donated land which is supported by all the panchayat members. Therefore the activities are being shifted to two other nurseries; Kherem and Tezu.
  • Government Horticulture Nursery, Tezu: Oldest Nursery in the district. The Nursery was established at the time of undivided department of agriculture. The nursery produces quality planting material of many Horticulture Crops and serves as demonstration plots and transit nursery also.

CONSTRAINTS: Various horticultural programs and schemes have been initiated by the various financial Institutions, but the success in the field of horticultural activities is not up to the expectation. Now, it has been felt that the single line efforts alone cannot be expected to meet the improve technology and commercial cultivation of the horticulture crops in this district.

The following programme/ schemes have been implemented in the farmers field during the year 2017-18

horti5