HORTICULTURE has been identified as one of the most important sectors for sustainable development in Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh. Owing to its vast available land resource favourable agro-climatic conditions, and hard-working farmers, there is immense scope for further growth and development of Horticulture sector in Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh.
Much has been achieved during last plan periods due to hard work of farmers and constant efforts of the department of Horticulture through implementation of various centrally and state sponsored schemes. Arrival of huge quantities of Orange, Ginger, Pine-apple, Large cardamom etc in local markets and markets of Assam during seasons is a testimony of this fact.
However, much more yet remains to be done to exploit the full potential for development of Horticulture sector in Lohit district. Hence, there is huge opportunity for farmers entrepreneurs, and traders alike to take up Horticulture as source of self-employment and income generation in Lohit district. A visiting scientists had rightly remarked that Lohit district in particular as well as the whole state of Arunachal Pradesh in general is the sleeping giant of Indian Horticulture.
Lohit district has numerous areas of advantages and strengths enable it to propel itself on the higher level of trajectory of economic development if these strengths are fully exploited.
In this sector, the agro-climatically condition of the district favours the development of all kind of horticultural crops. This conclusion is drawn in accordance with the survey and findings of field functionaries of the department of Horticulture, Lohit district since long. The field functionaries advised to take into account resources endowments, strategy for balance circlewise development, comparative advantage and choice of priority activities for the district. The findings of the field functionaries and the visiting Scientists regarding the district point out the strategies for horticultural development are through soil and water conservation and permanent farming. In addition, there has been a paradigm in the State government horticulture policy from the practice of mono crops cultivation of land use through shifting cultivation to diversification of crops by introducing location specific crops through settled/ permanent farming.
Another strength of the district is the possibility of transforming farming practice along the line of organic farming by using only manures since consumption of fertilizers has always been negligible. Organic farming is a production system that avoids the use of chemical, fertilizers, pesticides and growth regulators. Instead, it relies upon crop rotation with leguminous crops, addition of crop residues, green manures, bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides. The objective of encouraging organic farming in the district is to develop a sustainable horticulture system which maintain soil fertility and ensure adequate horticulture produces. Besides, it is well recognized that organic products are preferred to conventional horticultural products due to the absence of harmful chemical residues in it.
Despite all the areas of scopes mentioned above, the district suffers from various constraints.
The following are some of the areas of constraints that the district is facing
- High runoff water, increasing depletion of ground water due to excessive survey, exploitation and depletion of fertility of soil due to jhum cultivation in some pockets, expansion of waste land and inundation due to frequent change of course by the rivers.
- Lack of quality seed and planting materials.
- Inadequate post harvest infra-structure and unorganized market.
- Lack of systematic records of land and surveys especially cadastral survey.
List of CSS and State Govt. Schemes
|List Of Centrally Sponsored Schemes(CSS)|
|Name of Scheme||Benefits Provide under the Scheme||Eligibility Criteria|
|Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)||Micro Irrigation (Drip) and Other Intervention (Water Harvesting Structure)
||i) Aadhar card of the beneficiary is mandatory.
ii) Source of water for irrigation
iii)Land availability is required for other Intervention etc.
iv) Feasibility etc
|Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)||Protected cultivation (Green House, Shade net House etc), Rejuvenation programme, maintenance of old orchard, Horticulture Mechanization like power knapsack sprayer, self propelled Horticulture Machinery etc.
||i) Aadhar card is mandatory
ii) Active bank account with updated KYC
iii) Existing old orchard for rejuvenation programmes, maintenance of old orchard, IPMs etc.
iv)Land availability with valid LPC for area expansion programmes etc.Feasibility etc.
|Area expansion Programme on Arecanut intercropped with Banana, Assam Lemon intercropped with Banana, Pineapple & Large Cardamom Garden in Tezu-Sunpura circle under North Eastern Council (NEC)||Under this scheme, farmers will be assisted with pineapple gardens, large cardamon gardens, arecanut intercropping with banana garden, Assam lemon intercropped with banana
||i) Land availability
ii) LPC is mandatory
iii) Feasibility etc.
|List of State Govt. Schemes
|Atma Nirbhar Bagwani Yojana (ANBY)||Banana, Pineapple, Orange, Lime/Lemon, Dragon fruit, Guava, King chilly, Papaya, Turmeric, Litchi, Ginger, Vermi compost, Large Cardamom, Establishment of Nursery, Avocado, Farm mechanization like tractor etc.
||i) Should not be a defaulter to Bank/financial institution
ii) Sufficient Land availability
iii) Farmers who have already availed benefit under ANBY in previous years are not eligible
iv) SHG, if applying should be affiliated to ArSRLM
v) Age of the applicant should be between 18 to 60 years of age
vi) Aadhar card, PAN Card is mandatory
vii)LPC is mandatory etc
|Atma Nirbhar Plantation Yojana (ANPY)||Arecanut and Coconut
|Cultivation of Large Cardamom at Bhekuliang/Lalpahar under Social Justice Affair Department (SJETA)||Establishment of Large Cardamom garden
ii) LPC is mandatory
iii) Feasibility etc.